アイデアフォライフIdeas for life

”ビジネス、人生に生きる情報メモ帳” 海外在住。会社経営。不動産・ビジネス・経済・哲学・心理学・脳科学・建築・地球環境・教育・歴史に興味あり。人生のメモ帳、戒め帳として綴っています。誤字脱字、中途半端な解説あり。

カテゴリ: 人生迷子

スティーブジョブのスピーチから学ぶ、未来の描き方。

ひとまず点をたくさん打つ、目の前の事に情熱を持って 立ち向かう。
そのうち点と点がつながり、線となる。

長期的な目標なんて立てられない。将来の予測をすることは不可能。
 
点と点をつなげて線にする。スティーブジョブのスタンフォード大学卒業式スピーチ
大学を辞め、興味のあるカリグラフィークラスに入った事がきっかけでアップルが生まれた。
今は分からなくても、点と点を後からつなげば線となる。ひとまず情熱を持って点を打ってみよう。
Baby step!




1. 点と点
最初の話ではスティーブ・ジョブズの生い立ちと大学を退学した出来事から、将来につながる保証が無くても自分の心に従う大切さを伝えました。

ジョブズの生みの母親は未婚の若い大学院生だったため、ジョブズは「将来大学に進学させること」を条件に養子に出されることになりました。約束通り大学に進学したジョブズでしたが、半年で退学してしまいました。なんとなく大学を選んでしまったためにやりたいこともなく、両親に多額の学費を出してもらうことに意味を見いだせなかったからです。

しかし、ジョブズは退学したあとも大学に居座り続け、自分の興味のある授業だけ潜り込んで受講していました。特にカリグラフの世界に夢中なったそうです。それが役に立つのは10年後、マッキントッシュの設計ででした。

ジョブズが大学を退学しカリグラフを学んでいなければ、今日のように美しいフォントを持つコンピューターは生まれていなかったかもしれません。

何か行動を起こすとき、それが将来につながる確証はもちろんありません。それでも、現在の点がやがて将来の点につながると信じて自分の信念に従いなさいとジョブズは伝えたのです。

2. 愛と敗北
2つめの話では自身が立ち上げた会社(アップル)から解雇されたときの話から、人生で苦難に遭っても信念を投げ出さない重要性を伝えました。

ジョブズが20歳のとき、両親のガレージでアップルを創業しました。会社が大きくなり外部から有能な経営者を招聘したものの、次第にジョブズのビジョンとは合わなくなってゆきました。ついには経営側との関係が決裂し、ジョブズはなんと自分で立ち上げた会社をクビになってしまったのです。

彼は全てを失い逃げ出すことも考えたそうです。それでも彼は希望を失いませんでした。やはり仕事が大好きだったからです。

それから5年間、ジョブズはNeXTとピクサーを立ち上げ、結婚もしました。NeXTはアップルに買収され、開発した技術がアップル復活の核となりました。アップルを追い出されたことはジョブズにとって非常につらい出来事でしたが必要なことだったのです。

人生で辛いことが起きても信念を投げ出してはいけない。また、その確固たる信念を持つためには仕事に誇りを持たなければならない、仕事を愛さなければならない。もし、その仕事を見つけられていないなら探し続けてください、とジョブズは強く語りかけています。

3. 死について
3つめの話ではジョブズがガンと診断されたときのこと、そしてジョブズの死生観が語られました。

17歳のとき「毎日をそれが人生最後の一日だと思って生きれば、その通りになる」という言葉に出会ったジョブズ。その日から毎朝「今日が自分の人生最後の日でも、今日やろうとしていることを私はやりたいか」と自分に問いかけていたそうです。

何か考えるとき、行動するとき、プライドや失敗を恐れる心は妨げとなります。死を意識することは本当に大切なことだけを見つめる方法として有効だとジョブズは語っています。限られた時間を無駄なことに使ってはいけない、自分の心や直感に従う勇気を持つことの重要性をジョブズは伝えました。


ジョブズはスピーチの締めくくりとしてこの言葉を卒業生たちに贈りました。たとえ周りから見て愚かでも、常識から外れたことであっても、自分の好きなことや信念を曲げずに行動しなさい。


I am honored to be with you today at your commencement from one of the finest universities in the world. I never graduated from college. Truth be told, this is the closest I’ve ever gotten to a college graduation. Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That’s it. No big deal. Just three stories.

I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop out?

It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed college graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute that they really wanted a girl. So my parents, who were on a waiting list, got a call in the middle of the night asking: “We have an unexpected baby boy; do you want him?” They said: “Of course.” My biological mother later found out that my mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never graduated from high school. She refused to sign the final adoption papers. She only relented a few months later when my parents promised that I would someday go to college.

And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class parents’ savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six months, I couldn’t see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work out OK. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop taking the required classes that didn’t interest me, and begin dropping in on the ones that looked interesting.

It wasn’t all romantic. I didn’t have a dorm room, so I slept on the floor in friends’ rooms, I returned Coke bottles for the 5¢ deposits to buy food with, and I would walk the 7 miles across town every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give you one example:

Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had dropped out and didn’t have to take the normal classes, I decided to take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif and sans serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great. It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science can’t capture, and I found it fascinating.

None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life. But 10 years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac. It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows just copied the Mac, it’s likely that no personal computer would have them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear looking backward 10 years later.

Again, you can’t connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backward. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something — your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.

My second story is about love and loss.

I was lucky — I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I started Apple in my parents’ garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion company with over 4,000 employees. We had just released our finest creation — the Macintosh — a year earlier, and I had just turned 30. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.

I really didn’t know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let the previous generation of entrepreneurs down — that I had dropped the baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley. But something slowly began to dawn on me — I still loved what I did. The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.

I didn’t see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.

During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar went on to create the world’s first computer animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple bought NeXT, I returned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apple’s current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.

I’m pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn’t been fired from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don’t lose faith. I’m convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. You’ve got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. Don’t settle. As with all matters of the heart, you’ll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking until you find it. Don’t settle.

My third story is about death.

When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: “If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you’ll most certainly be right.” It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: “If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?” And whenever the answer has been “No” for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.

Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure — these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.

About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn’t even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor’s code for prepare to die. It means to try to tell your kids everything you thought you’d have the next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for your family. It means to say your goodbyes.

I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and I’m fine now.

This was the closest I’ve been to facing death, and I hope it’s the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept:

No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don’t want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life’s change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.

Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.

When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late 1960s, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors and Polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: It was idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.

Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words: “Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.” It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you.

Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.

Thank you all very much.

スピーチ スタンフォード大学引用 https://news.stanford.edu/2005/06/14/jobs-061505/ 

人生うまく行かない時があるから、考える、考えるから行動できる、行動するから失敗する、失敗するから学ぶ、学ぶから、賢くなる、賢くなるから、向上する、向上するから人生上手くいく。人生はこの繰り返し。人間は進化するようにDNAが組み込まれている。とはいえ、瞑想や宗教や占い、ビジネス本や成功者の講演を聞いてもポルノと同じ、自己満足だけでは前進しない、立ち止まってよく考えたら、行動あるのみ。

大切なのはどちらかを選ぶのではなく、早く決断する事。失敗したとしてもその分早くやり直せるから。

攻めの気持ちがあると集中力が高まり、迷いが吹っ切れる

不安や迷いの原因は、感激、感動、感謝が足りない。

生きることは考えること。

出来るか、出来ないかの選択をしている間は迷い続ける。やるか、やらないかである。 

自分がやらなきゃいけないこともやらないで、何か自分らしい生き方があるんじゃないかと思うことが、迷い。

人生には二つの選択がある。状況を受け入れるか、状況を変えるための責任を受け入れる。

他人が作った道を失敗もなく進むより、自分の道を迷いながら進む。

20年後に失望するのは、やったことよりもやらなかったこと。

決断とは「決める」「断つ」「そして、「断つ」には2つある、一つは迷いを断つ、二つ目は退路を断つ。

迷う、ということは一種の欲望から来ているように思われる。ああもなりたい、こうもなりたい、こういう風に出世したい、という欲望から迷いが出てくる。それを捨てれば問題はなくなる。松下幸之助

たとえ迷いがあったとしても、こっちと言い切る強さがないといけない。天海祐希

壁というのは、できる人にしかやってこない。超えられる可能性がある人にしかやってこない。だから、壁があるときはチャンスだと思っている。イチロー

右か左かで迷ったら 前に進む。

ー二択で迷う時は、選択をしない、もしくは両方を選ぶ、もしくは両方のベネフィットのみを選択し新しい選択方法を作り出す。


迷わないために。

ー選択技を多く持たない。IT系の人の服、毎日グレーのシャツにジーンズは選択することによって
脳の前頭葉が疲弊するのを防ぐためであり、効率の良い生き方をするため。
人間の脳は複数のタスクを一度にこなすようにできていないため、常に一極集中しタスクを山積みしないようにする。

試行錯誤、暗中模索、偶然の出会いを全てキャッチをしてきたホリエモンの中学時代、でも今はそれをししなくていい。なぜなら今の時代、情報は平等、行動すればいいだけだから。いくらでも試せる今、お金がない、時間がないは言い訳、とりあえずやってみる、行動を起こせ。

桃太郎理論 恐れずに桃を拾え、割ってみよー

前のブログから我慢の正体は怠慢と勇気、使命は欲なしで社会に役立つ事ということが、なんとなーくわかったところで、いざ行動へ!!
行動に移せない私と貴方へ・・・やった後悔は忘却され、やらない後悔は増大します。ならばやるしかないですね・・・



◯後悔について

「やらないで後悔するよりも、やって後悔するほうがいい」
といった考え方がありますが、これは全くもってその通りだと思われます。
なぜなら、「やったことで生じる後悔」とは、出来事の記憶に由来するため、必ず時間と共に忘却されますが、「やらなかったとで生じる後悔」とは、自身の可能性に由来するため、現状が苦しければ苦しいほど、時間と共にその気持ちが増大する傾向にあるからです。



使命とは誰かのために命を使うこと。儲かりそう、認めてもらえる、自分の欲や他人の視点ではなく社会での役割。これなら損得なしで頑張れるものと、自信が属する社会での役割が一致した時に使命が見つかる。ついつい欲に目がくらむから、いつまでたっても使命が見つからないのです・・・


◯あなたの「使命」とは

「使命の見つけ方を教えてください」こうした質問を受ける機会がありました。使命とは何か ?
おそらくそれは、「これは、自分にしかできない」「これなら損得無しで頑張れる」こうしたものと、「自身が属する社会での役割」が一致したときに得られる感情(使命感)だと思うのです。
私達はいつだって「自分のやりたいこと」を探そうとしたならば、「これをやれば儲かりそう」「これをすれば認めて貰える」と、自身の欲や他所の視点に囚われてしまう傾向があります。
もちろん、それはそれで悪いこととは思いません。
しかし、もし一度きりの人生を本当に充実させたいのであれば、
自分の「命」を誰かのために「使う」、すなわち「使命」を持つことが大切であり、そのためには、日々、自分自身を高める努力を怠らず、そして「高めた自分が誰の役に立てるのか」について、社会を観察し続けることが求められるのです。 


我慢は現状への自惚れ 思考の怠慢、勇気がないだけ・・
痛い所を突かれた感じ、、 


◯我慢の心理学

「我慢が足らない」とよく人から叱られるのですが、どうしたらよいでしょうか ?
先日、こんな相談を受ける機会がありました。
我慢とは何か。
そして、なぜ人は人に我慢を強いるのか。
おそらくそれは、我慢とは精神的にも肉体的にも辛いながらも、それに見合うほどの価値や結果が伴わないからだと思うのです。
(結果、「我慢とは尊いものである」といった、どこか宗教的じみたカラーを帯びていき、布教のごとく伝播されていくのです。)
しかし、よくよく考えてみたならば、
我慢とは「我(現状の自分)への慢(うぬぼれ)」であり、
これは「思考の怠慢」とも呼べるのです。
もちろん我慢によって物事が好転することもあるでしょう。
しかし、それは単なる確率論であり、いわば「祈り」に近い作業なのです。
もしも、あなたの現状が苦しいのなら、
そして、そんな現状を変えたいのであるならば、
大切なことは現状に対する我慢ではなく、
新しい何かに挑戦する勇気なのです。



↑このページのトップヘ